Kraton Yogyakarta (formally known as Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat) is a palace complex located in the city of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Special Region (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta), Indonesia. The palace is the main seat of the Sultan of Yogyakarta and his family.
It serves as a cultural center for the Javanese people and contains a museum that displays the sultanate’s artifacts.
Yogyakarta Palace was built by Prince Mangkubumi in 1755-1756. Several months after the signing of the Treaty of Giyanti between Prince Mangkubumi of Yogyakarta, Hamengkubuwono of Surakarta and Dutch East India Company. A Banyan Forest was chosen as the site of the palace due to its location between two rivers which were considered good protection from possible flooding.
Kraton means the place where the ‘ratu’ (King or Queen) resides. The word ‘Keraton’ means the living quarter of the royal family in the palace.
Most of the palace’s current form are built by Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII who reign from 1921 to 1939. It suffered from an earthquake in 1876 and 2006, and was subsequently rebuilt after the devastation.