Culloden Battlefield, Scotland, United Kingdom

The Battle of Culloden was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart was decisively defeated by a British government force under Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, on Drummossie Moor near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. It was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.

Charles was the eldest son of James Stuart, the exiled Stuart claimant to the British throne. Believing there was support for a Stuart restoration in both Scotland and England, he landed in Scotland in July 1745. Raising an army of Scots Jacobite supporters, he took Edinburgh by September, and defeated a British government force at Prestonpans. The government recalled 12,000 troops from the Continent to deal with the rising: a Jacobite invasion of England reached as far as Derby before turning back.

The Jacobites attempted to consolidate their control of Scotland, where, by early 1746, they were opposed by a substantial government army. With supplies and pay running short and with the government troops resupplied and reorganised under the Duke of Cumberland, the Jacobite leadership had few options left other than to stand and fight. The two armies eventually met at Culloden. The battle lasted only an hour, with the Jacobites suffering a bloody defeat. Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded, against about 300 government soldiers. The leadership took the decision to disperse, effectively ending the rising.

Below is a small selection of photos taken during a visit to the battlefield in june 2022. Click on a miniature-photo to enlarge it, then navigate using the arrows left/right of the photo or use the cursor keys on your keyboard.